Immediately before the formal inauguration of national and international associations, similar or identical to the ones around today, and before the introduction of the word 태권도 (taegwondo), there is a significant chapter in the development of the art we now know. This is in the time during and following the Japanese occupation of Korea.

Martial arts were not practised within large associations, but individual schools or groups of schools would practise a common style, or subscribe to a common philosophy. The word (gwan) (very often written kwan) literally refers to a hall where martial arts might be practised, however it also refers to these stylistic groups.

Many of these groups would later be involved in the creation and naming of modern Taekwondo. Though none of them formally exist today, there are some associations and schools which claim to practise their styles.

School Founder
Changmu Kwan 윤병인 (Yu Byeong-in) around 1946 CE
Cheongdo Kwan 이원국 (Li Won-guk) around 1944 CE
Gangdeokwon 홍정표 (Hong Jeong-pyo) and 박철희 (Bak Cheol-hui) in 1956 CE
Hanmu Kwan 이교윤 (Li Kyo-yun) in 1956 CE
Jeongdo Kwan 이용우 (Li Yong-wu) in 1954 CE
Jido Kwan 전상섭 (Jeon Sang-seop)
Mudeok Kwan 황기 (Hwang Ki) in 1945 CE
Odo Kwan 최홍희 (Choi Hong-hui) and 남태희 (Nam Tae-hui) in 1953 CE
Songmu Kwan 로병직 (Ro Byeong-jik) in 1944 CE

Taesudo, 태수도

The name Taesudo was a possible alternative to the name Taekwondo.

Korean Date

The date today is,

4350 년 7 월 29 일 (4350, Month 7 Day 29) (19 September 2017 CE)

This is the date according to the traditional lunisolar calendar of Korea. (Note that this is not an authoritative calculation; I’m still working on the details.) The years count back to the legendary founding of Korea by 단군 왕검 (Dan-gun Wanggeom).