지도관 · 智道館
Jido-kwan is one of the nine schools of martial arts that contributed to
the foundation of Taekwondo. The school is now a society, which officially
supports the style of Taekwondo taught by 국기원 國技院 (Gukgiwon, Kukkiwon).
The man credited with founding Jido-kwan is
전상섭 (Jeon Sang-seop). Whilst in Japan to
attend college, Jeon Sang-seop studied Shōtōkan Karate under its
founder Funakoshi Gichin.
When he returned to Korea, he started teaching Karate at 조선
연무관 공수도 부 (Joseon Yeonmu-kwan Gongsudo Bu, or just Yeonmu-kwan),
which was one of the few martial arts schools that the occupying forces of the Japanese
allowed to exist at the time.
During the Korean war, Yeonmu-kwan was closed, along with all martial arts
schools. Jeon Sang-seop went missing during the war, and later when the
school was re-opened by his students, they voted to change the name to Jido-kwan.
지 智 (ji) means 'wisdom',
도 道 (do) means 'way', and
관 館 (gwan, kwan)
refers to a training hall, so 지도관 智道館
(jidogwan) means 'The School of Wisdom'.
The name 'Jido-kwan' follows the traditional naming scheme for martial
arts styles. This would therefore mean that the style of martial arts practised
at Jido-kwan is called 'Jido-kwan Taekwondo' (also 'Yeonmu-kwan