Gwanggae

광개 · 廣開

Sometimes written Gwang-gae, Kwanggae, Kwang-gae, Kwangge, Kwang-ge.

Interpretation

Gwanggae is named after 광개토 (Gwanggaeto), the nineteenth ruler of 고구려 (Goguryeo), who is renowned for expanding the nation’s territory and regaining lost lands. Upon his death, Goguryeo) covered two thirds of modern Korea and Manchuria.

Floor Diagram

A B C D E F

Number of Movements

39

Movements

Number Transition Stance Technique
parallel stance, 나란히 서기 (naranhi seogi) skyward hands, 하늘손 (haneulson)
1 Move the left foot to the right foot. Continue looking towards A. closed ready stance b, 모아 준비 서기 (moa junbi seogi) Move the hands in a large circular motion.
2 Slowly step towards A with the left foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) reverse upset punch, 반대 뒤집어 지르기 (bandae dwijibeo jireugi)
3 Slowly step towards A with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) reverse upset punch, 반대 뒤집어 지르기 (bandae dwijibeo jireugi)
4 Turn the right foot inwards, then step forwards towards A with the left foot, placing the left foot to the side and in front of the right foot, then step forwards towards A with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) high hooking block, 높은 걸쳐 막기 (nopeun geolchyeo makgi)
5 Step backwards towards D with the right foot. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) low blade-hand guarding block, 낮은 손칼 대비 막기 (najeun sonkal daebi makgi)
6 Step forwards towards A with the right foot, placing the right foot to the side and in front of the left foot, then step forwards towards A with the left foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) high hooking block, 높은 걸쳐 막기 (nopeun geolchyeo makgi)
7 Step backwards towards D with the left foot. left ‘l’ stance, 왼 니은자 서기 (oen nieunja seogi) low blade-hand guarding block, 낮은 손칼 대비 막기 (najeun sonkal daebi makgi)
8 Step forwards towards A with the left foot. right rear-foot stance, 오른 뒷발 서기 (oreun dwitbal seogi) high blade-hand guarding block, 높은 손칼 대비 막기 (nopeun sonkal daebi makgi)
9 Step forwards towards A with the right foot. left rear-foot stance, 왼 뒷발 서기 (oen dwitbal seogi) high blade-hand guarding block, 높은 손칼 대비 막기 (nopeun sonkal daebi makgi)
10 Step forwards towards A with the left foot, then turn to the left and pivot on the left foot, moving the right foot towards A, to look towards D. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) reverse upward palm block, 반대 올려 손바닥 막기 (bandae ollyeo sonbadak makgi)
11 Step forwards towards D with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) reverse upward palm block, 반대 올려 손바닥 막기 (bandae ollyeo sonbadak makgi)
12 Move the left foot to the right foot, looking towards D. closed stance, 모아 서기 (moa seogi) right low inward blade-hand block, hitting the left palm, 오른 낮은 안으로 손칼 막기, 왼 손바닥을 침니다 (oreun najeun aneuro sonkal makgi, oen sonbadageul chimnida)
13 Look towards B. left pressing kick, 왼 눌러 차기 (oen nulleo chagi)
14 left mid side piercing kick, 왼 가운데 옆 차지르기 (oen gaunde yeop chajireugi)
15 Step towards B with the left foot to land. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) high inward blade-hand strike, 높은 안으로 손칼 때리기 (nopeun aneuro sonkal ttaerigi)
16 Move the left foot to the right foot. closed stance, 모아 서기 (moa seogi) left downward side-fist strike, 왼 내려 옆주먹 때리기 (oen naeryeo yeopjumeok ttaerigi)
17 Look towards F. right pressing kick, 오른 눌러 차기 (oreun nulleo chagi)
18 right mid side piercing kick, 오른 가운데 옆 차지르기 (oreun gaunde yeop chajireugi)
19 Step towards F with the right foot to land. left ‘l’ stance, 왼 니은자 서기 (oen nieunja seogi) high inward blade-hand strike, 높은 안으로 손칼 때리기 (nopeun aneuro sonkal ttaerigi)
20 Move the right foot to the left foot. closed stance, 모아 서기 (moa seogi) right downward side-fist strike, 오른 내려 옆주먹 때리기 (oreun naeryeo yeopjumeok ttaerigi)
21 Step forwards towards D with the left foot. left low stance, 왼 낮춰 서기 (oen natchwo seogi) palm pressing block, 손바닥 눌러 막기 (sonbadak nulleo makgi)
22 Step forwards towards D with the right foot. right low stance, 오른 낮춰 서기 (oreun natchwo seogi) palm pressing block, 손바닥 눌러 막기 (sonbadak nulleo makgi)
23 Turn to the right and step towards A with the right foot. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) right high side back-fist strike, 오른 높은 옆 등주먹 때리기 (oreun nopeun yeop deungjumeok ttaerigi)
24 Turn to the right, shifting the right foot, to look towards A. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) mid double forearm block, 가운데 두 팔목 막기 (gaunde du palmok makgi)
25 Shift step backwards towards D. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) left low outer forearm block with right mid inner forearm block, 왼 낮은 바깥팔목 막기 과 오른 가운데 안팔목 막기 (oen najeun bakkatpalmok makgi gwa oreun gaunde anpalmok makgi)
26 Slowly shift the right foot forwards towards A. right low stance, 오른 낮춰 서기 (oreun natchwo seogi) high flat fingertip thrust, 높은 엎은손끝 뚤기 (nopeun eopensonkkeut ttulgi)
27 Turn to the left and step towards D with the left foot. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) left high side back-fist strike, 왼 높은 옆 등주먹 때리기 (oen nopeun yeop deungjumeok ttaerigi)
28 Turn to the left, shifting the right foot, to look towards D. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) mid double forearm block, 가운데 두 팔목 막기 (gaunde du palmok makgi)
29 Shift step backwards towards A. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) right low outer forearm block with left mid inner forearm block,오른 낮은 바깥팔목 막기 과 왼 가운의 안팔목 막기 (oreun najeun bakkatpalmok makgi gwa oen gaunde anpalmok makgi)
30 Slowly shift the left foot forwards towards D. left low stance, 왼 낮춰 서기 (oen natchwo seogi) high flat fingertip thrust, 높은 엎은손끝 뚤기 (nopeun eopeunsonkkeut ttulgi)
31 Step towards D with the right foot, with a stamping motion. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) high twin upright punch, 높은 쌍 세워 지르기 (nopeun ssang sewo jireugi)
32 Turn to the left and step towards C with the left foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) twin upset punch, 쌍 뒤집은 지르기 (ssang dwijibeun jireugi)
33 right mid front snapping kick, 오른 가운데 앞 차부수기 (oreun gaunde ap chabusugi)
34 Step down towards C with the right foot, then turn to the right whilst pivoting on the right foot, and step towards C with the left foot, to look towards E. left ‘l’ stance, 왼 니은자 서기 (oen nieunja seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
35 Step forwards towards E with the left foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) high punch, 높은 지르기 (nopeun jireugi)
36 Step forwards towards E with the right foot with a stamping motion. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) twin upset punch, 쌍 뒤집은 지르기 (ssang dwijibeun jireugi)
37 left mid front snapping kick, 왼 가운데 앞 차부수기 (oen gaunde ap chabusugi)
38 Step down towards E with the left foot, then turn to the left whilst pivoting on the left foot, and step towards E with the right foot, to look towards C. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
39 Step towards C with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) high punch, 높은 지르기 (nopeun jireugi)
Move the left foot to the right foot. parallel stance, 나란히 서기 (naranhi seogi) skyward hands, 하늘손 (haneulson)

References

  1. Taekwondo Association of Great Britain (TAGB), Official Website
    http://www.blackbeltschools.com/syllabus/patterns.asp?pattern=950

Korean Date

The date today is,

4349 년 12 월 25 일 (4349, Month 12 Day 25) (20 February 2017 CE)

This is the date according to the traditional lunisolar calendar of Korea. (Note that this is not an authoritative calculation; I’m still working on the details.) The years count back to the legendary founding of Korea by 단군 왕검 (Dan-gun Wanggeom).