Gyebaek

계백 · 階伯

Sometimes written Gye-baek, Kyebaek, Kye-baek, Gebaek, Ge-baek.

Interpretation

Gyebaek was a military commander in the former nation of 백제 (Baekje). Gyebaek fought in 황산벌 전투 (Hwangsanbeol Jeontu) with five-thousand warriors, against forces from 신라 (Silla) numbering fifty-thousand, and forces from 唐朝 (Táng Cháo) (in modern-day China) numbering one hundred and forty-four thousand.

Not long after the death of Gyebaek, the Baekje was overpowered by Silla.

Interestingly, a later form is named after the military commander 김유신 (Kim Yu-sin), who was the rival counterpart to Gyebaek, and is famed for his military victories.

Floor Diagram

A B C D

Number of Movements

44

Movements

Number Transition Stance Technique
parallel ready stance, 나란히 준비 서기 (naranhi junbi seogi)
1 Step backwards towards C with the right foot, looking towards A. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) ‘x’ blade-hand checking block, 교차 손칼 멈추어 막기 (gyocha sonkal meomchueo makgi)
2 right low twisting kick, 오른 낮은 비틀어 차기 (oreun najeun biteureo chagi)
3 Step down towards A with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) mid punch, 가운데 지르기 (gaunde jireugi)
4 right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) mid reverse punch, 가운데 반대 지르기 (gaunde bandae jireugi)
5 Step backwards towards C with the right foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) rising block, 추켜 막기 (chukyeo makgi)
6 left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) low outer-forearm block, 낮은 바깥팔목 막기 (najeun bakkatpalmok makgi)
7 left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) high double arc-hand block, 높은 두 반달손 막기 (nopeun du bandalson makgi)
8 Raise the left foot, looking towards A. right bending stance, 오른 구부려 서기 (oreun guburyeo seogi) forearm guarding block, 팔목 대비 막기 (palmok daebi makgi)
9 Turn to the right and step down diagonally with the left foot. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) left scooping block, 왼 둘어 막기 (oen dureo makgi)
10 sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) right mid punch, 오른 가운데 지르기 (oreun gaunde jireugi)
11 sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) left front back-fist strike, 왼 앞 등주먹 때리기 (oen ap deungjumeok ttaerigi)
12 Turn to the right and step across towards D with the right foot, then step towards C with the left foot. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
13 left low front snapping kick, 왼 낮은 앞 차부수기 (oen najeun ap chabusugi)
14 Step down towards C with the left foot. left low stance, 왼 낮춰 서기 (oen natchwo seogi) high flat spearhand thrust, 높은 엎은손끝 뚤기 (nopeun eopeunsonkkeut ttulgi)
15 left low stance, 왼 낮춰 서기 (oen natchwo seogi) high reverse flat spearhand thrust, 높은 반대 엎은손끝 뚤기 (nopeun bandae eopeunsonkkeut ttulgi)
16 right mid side piercing kick, 오른 가운데 옆 차지르기 (oreun gaunde yeop chajireugi)
17 Step down towards C with the right foot, then turn to the left to look towards A. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) mid forearm guarding block, 가운데 팔목 대비 막기 (gaunde palmok daebi makgi)
18 Step towards A with the right foot, then turn to the left, pivoting on the left foot, to look towards C. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) mid forearm guarding block, 가운데 팔목 대비 막기 (gaunde palmok daebi makgi)
19 Turn to the left, pivoting on the right foot, and step towards A with the left foot. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
20 Step towards A with the left foot, to look towards B. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) right ’9′ block, 오른 구자 막기 (oreun guja makgi)
21 Turn to the left and step towards A with the right foot, pivoting on the left foot, to look towards C. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) low blade-hand block, 낮은 손칼 막기 (najeun sonkal makgi)
22 right mid turning kick, 오른 가운데 돌려 차기 (oreun gaunde dollyeo chagi)
23 right flying side piercing kick, 뛰며 오른 옆 차지르기 (ttwimyeo oreun yeop chajireugi)
24 Land looking towards C. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) high twin upright punch, 높은 쌍 세워 지르기 (nopeun ssang sewo jireugi)
25 right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) high double arc-hand block, 높은 두 반달손 막기 (nopeun du bandalson makgi)
26 right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) reverse upset punch, 반대 뒤집은 지르기 (bandae dwijibeun jireugi)
27 Turn to the left and double-step to look towards A. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) right front elbow strike to the left palm, 오른 앞 팔굽 때리기 (oreun ap palgup ttaerigi)
28 Jump towards A, leading with the right foot. right ‘x’ stance, 오른 교차 서기 (oreun gyocha seogi) high double forearm block, 높은 두 팔목 막기 (nopeun du palmok makgi)
29 Step diagonally to the left and backwards with the left foot. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) right scooping block, 오른 둘어 막기 (oreun dureo makgi)
30 sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) left mid punch, 왼 가운데 지르기 (oen gaunde jireugi)
31 sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) right front back-fist strike, 오른 앞 등주먹 때리기 (oreun ap deungjumeok ttaerigi)
32 Turn to the left and step towards C with the left foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) high front back-blade-hand strike, 높은 앞 손칼등 때리기 (nopeun ap sonkaldeung ttaerigi)
33 Step to the left slightly with the left foot. right mid turning kick, 오른 가운데 돌려 차기 (oreun gaunde dollyeo chagi)
34 Step down to the left foot with the right foot, then turn to the left and step towards A with the left foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) high twin upright punch, 높은 쌍 세워 지르기 (nopeun ssang sewo jireugi)
35 Move the left foot backwards. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) mid upward middle-knuckle fist strike, 가운데 올려 중지주먹 때리기 (gaunde ollyeo jungjijumeok ttaerigi)
36 Step towards A with the right foot, turning left to look towards D. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) left ’9′ block, 왼 구자 막기 (oen guja makgi)
37 sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) left low back-blade-hand guarding block, 왼 낮은 손칼등 대비 막기 (oen najeun sonkaldeung daebi makgi)
38 sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) right low blade-hand guarding block, 오른 낮은 손칼 대비 막기 (oreun najeun sonkal daebi makgi)
39 Turn to the right and step towards A with the left foot, to look towards B. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) ‘w’ outer-forearm block, 바깥팔목 산 막기 (bakkatpalmok san makgi)
40 Turn to the right and step towards C with the left foot, to look towards D. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) ‘w’ outer-forearm block, 바깥팔목 산 막기 (bakkatpalmok san makgi)
41 Step towards C with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) rising block, 추켜 막기 (chukyeo makgi)
42 right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) mid reverse punch, 가운데 반대 지르기 (gaunde bandae jireugi)
43 Turn to the left and double-step to look towards A. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) rising block, 추켜 막기 (chukyeo makgi)
44 left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) mid reverse punch, 가운데 반대 지르기 (gaunde bandae jireugi)
Move the right foot to the left foot. parallel ready stance, 나란히 준비 서기 (naranhi junbi seogi)

References

  1. Taekwondo Association of Great Britain (TAGB), Official Website
    http://www.blackbeltschools.com/syllabus/patterns.asp?pattern=946

Korean Date

The date today is,

4349 년 12 월 25 일 (4349, Month 12 Day 25) (20 February 2017 CE)

This is the date according to the traditional lunisolar calendar of Korea. (Note that this is not an authoritative calculation; I’m still working on the details.) The years count back to the legendary founding of Korea by 단군 왕검 (Dan-gun Wanggeom).