Toigye

퇴계 · 退溪

Sometimes written Toi-gye.

Interpretation

Toigye is the pen name of the noted scholar 이황 (Yi Hwang), one of the two most prominent Confucian scholars in the 조선 (Joseon) dynasty, the other being his younger contemporary 이이 (Yi Yi) who had the pen name 율곡 (Yulgok). The thirty-seven movements in this form denote his birthplace on the thirty-seventh degree latitude, and the diagram represents “scholar”.

Ilcheon Won

Toigye is depicted on 1000 Won notes in South Korea.

Floor Diagram

A B C D E F G H

Number of Movements

37

Movements

Number Transition Stance Technique
closed ready stance b, 모아 준비 서기 (moa junbi seogi)
1 Turn to the left and step towards F with the left foot. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) mid reverse inner-forearm block, 가운데 반대 안팔목 막기 (gaunde bandae anpalmok makgi)
2 Move the left foot towards G. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) low reverse upset spearhand thrust, 낮은 반대 뒤집은 손끝 뚤기 (najeun bandae dwijibeun sonkkeut ttulgi)
3 Move the left foot to the right foot, and turn to the right to look towards A. closed stance, 모아 서기 (moa seogi) right side back-fist strike and left low outer-forearm block, 오른 옆 등주먹 때리기 과 왼 낮은 바깥팔목 막기 (oreun yeop deungjumeok ttaerigi gwa oen najeun bakkatpalmok makgi)
4 Turn to the right and step towards D with the right foot. left ‘l’ stance, 왼 니은자 서기 (oen nieunja seogi) mid reverse inner-forearm block, 가운데 반대 안팔목 막기 (gaunde bandae anpalmok makgi)
5 Move the right foot towards D. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) low reverse upset spearhand thrust, 낮은 반대 뒤집은 손끝 뚤기 (najeun bandae dwijibeun sonkkeut ttulgi)
6 Move the right foot to the left foot, and turn to the left to look towards A. closed stance, 모아 서기 (moa seogi) left side back-fist strike and right low outer-forearm block, 왼 옆 등주먹 때리기 과 오른 낮은 바깥팔목 막기 (oen yeop deungjumeok ttaerigi gwa oreun najeun bakkatpalmok makgi)
7 Step forwards towards A with the left foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) ‘x’ pressing block, 교차 눌러 막기 (gyocha nulleo makgi)
8 In continuous motion. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) high twin upright punch, 높은 쌍 세워 지르기 (nopeun ssang sewo jireugi)
9 right mid front snapping kick, 오른 가운데 앞 차부수기 (oreun gaunde ap chabusigi)
10 Step down towards A with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) mid punch, 가운데 지르기 (gaunde jireugi)
11 right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) mid reverse punch, 가운데 반대 지르기 (gaunde bandae jireugi)
12 Bring the left foot to the right foot whilst turning to the left, to look towards H. closed stance, 모아 서기 (moa seogi) twin side elbow thrust, 쌍 옆 팔굽 뚤기 (ssang yeop palgup ttulgi)
13 Turning to the left, step towards H with the right foot, with a stamping motion, to look towards E. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) ‘w’ block, 산 막기 (san makgi)
14 Turning to the right, step towards H with the left foot, with a stamping motion, to look towards A. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) ‘w’ block, 산 막기 (san makgi)
15 Turning to the right, step towards B with the left foot, with a stamping motion, to look towards E. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) ‘w’ block, 산 막기 (san makgi)
16 Turning to the left, step towards B with the right foot, with a stamping motion, to look towards A. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) ‘w’ block, 산 막기 (san makgi)
17 Turning to the right, step towards B with the left foot, with a stamping motion, to look towards E. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) ‘w’ block, 산 막기 (san makgi)
18 Turning to the right, step towards H with the left foot, with a stamping motion, to look towards A. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) ‘w’ block, 산 막기 (san makgi)
19 Move the right foot to the left foot, then step towards B with the left foot. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) low double forearm pushing block, 낮은 두 팔목 밀어 막기 (najeun du palmok mireo makgi)
20 Move the left foot forwards towards A. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi)
21 right upward knee kick, 오른 올려 무릎 차기 (oreun ollyeo mureup chagi)
22 Lower the right foot to the left, turn to the left to look towards E, then step forwards towards E with the left foot. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
23 left low front snapping kick, 왼 낮은 앞 차부수기 (oen najeun ap chabusugi)
24 Lower the left foot, looking towards E. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) high flat spearhand thrust, 높은 엎은손끝 뚤기 (nopeun eopeunsonkkeut ttulgi)
25 Step forwards towards E with the right foot. left ‘l’ stance, 왼 니은자 서기 (oen nieunja seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
26 right low front snapping kick, 오른 낮은 앞 차부수기 (oreun najeun ap chabusugi)
27 Lower the right foot, looking towards E. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) high flat spearhand thrust, 높은 엎은손끝 뚤기 (nopeun eopensonkkeut ttulgi)
28 Slide backwards towards A, leading with the right foot, to look towards E. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) right side back-fist strike and left low outer forearm block, 오른 옆 등주먹 때리기 과 왼 낮은 바깥팔목 막기 (oreun yeop deungjumeok ttaerigi gwa oen najeun bakkatpalmok makgi)
29 Jump high towards E, leading with the right foot. right ‘x’ stance, 오른 교차 서기 (oreun gyocha seogi) ‘x’ pressing block, 교차 눌러 막기 (gyocha nulleo makgi)
30 Step towards E with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) high double forearm block, 높은 두 팔목 막기 (nopeun du palmok makgi)
31 Turn to the left and step towards F with the left foot. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) low blade-hand guarding block, 낮은 손칼 대비 막기 (najeun sonkal daebi makgi)
32 Move the left foot towards F. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) inner-forearm circular block, 돌리며 안팔목 막기 (dollimyeo anpalmok makgi)
33 Move the left foot to the right foot, turn to the right, then step towards D with the right foot. left ‘l’ stance, 왼 니은자 서기 (oen nieunja seogi) low blade-hand guarding block, 낮은 손칼 대비 막기 (najeun sonkal daebi makgi)
34 Move the right foot forwards towards D. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) inner-forearm circular block, 돌리며 안팔목 막기 (dollimyeo anpalmok makgi)
35 Turn to the left to look towards G. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) inner-forearm circular block, 돌리며 안팔목 막기 (dollimyeo anpalmok makgi)
36 Turn to the right to look towards C. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) inner-forearm circular block, 돌리며 안팔목 막기 (dollimyeo anpalmok makgi)
37 Step with the right foot into a sitting stance looking towards A. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) right mid punch, 오른 가운데 지르기 (oreun gaunde jireugi)
Move the right foot to the left foot. closed ready stance b, 모아 준비 서기 (moa junbi seogi)

Korean in Context

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Time Limit
knee
무릎 (mureup)
circular block
돌리며 막기 (dollimyeo makgi)
pushing block
밀어 막기 (mireo makgi)
‘x’ pressing block
교차 눌러 막기 (gyocha nulleo makgi)
‘w’ block
산 막기 (san makgi)
low blade-hand guarding block
낮은 손칼 대비 막기 (najeun sonkal daebi makgi)
upward knee kick
올려 무릎 차기 (ollyeo mureup chagi)
high twin upright punch
높은 쌍 세워 지르기 (nopeun ssang sewo jireugi)
flat spearhand thrust
엎은손끝 뚤기 (eopeunsonkkeut ttulgi)
upset spearhand thrust
뒤집은 손끝 뚤기 (dwijibeun sonkkeut ttulgi)
twin side elbow thrust
쌍 옆 팔굽 뚤기 (ssang yeop palgup ttulgi)

References

  1. Taekwondo Association of Great Britain (TAGB), Official Website
    http://www.blackbeltschools.com/syllabus/patterns.asp?pattern=958

Korean Date

The date today is,

4349 년 12 월 25 일 (4349, Month 12 Day 25) (20 February 2017 CE)

This is the date according to the traditional lunisolar calendar of Korea. (Note that this is not an authoritative calculation; I’m still working on the details.) The years count back to the legendary founding of Korea by 단군 왕검 (Dan-gun Wanggeom).