Yulgok

율곡 · 栗谷

Sometimes written Yul-gok.

Interpretation

Yulgok is the pen name of the philosopher 이이 (Yi Yi), one of the two most prominent Confucian scholars in Korea, the other being his contemporary 이향 (Yi Hwang) who had the pen name 퇴계 (Toigye). The floor diagram represents “scholar”.

Ocheon Won

Yulgok is depicted on the 5000 Won notes in South Korea.

Floor Diagram

A B C D E F G H

Number of Movements

38

Movements

Number Transition Stance Technique
parallel ready stance, 나란히 주비 서기 (naranhi junbi seogi)
1 Step towards F with the left foot. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) focus
2 sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) right mid punch, 오른 가운데 지르기 (oreun gaunde jireugi)
3 sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) left mid punch, 왼 가운데 지르기 (oen gaunde jireugi)
4 Move the left foot to the right foot, then step towards D with the right foot. sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) focus
5 sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) left mid punch, 왼 가운데 지르기 (oen gaunde jireugi)
6 sitting stance, 앉는 서기 (anneun seogi) right mid punch, 오른 가운데 지르기 (oreun gaunde jireugi)
7 Move the right foot to the left foot, then step towards C with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) high inner-forearm block, 높은 안팔목 막기 (nopeun anpalmok makgi)
8 left low front snapping kick, 왼 낮은 앞 차부수기 (oen najeun ap chabusugi)
9 Step down towards C with the left foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) mid punch, 가운데 지르기 (gaunde jireugi)
10 left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) mid reverse punch, 가운데 반대 지르기 (gaunde bandae jireugi)
11 Move the left foot to the right foot, then step towards G with the left foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) high inner-forearm block, 높은 안팔목 막기 (nopeun anpalmok makgi)
12 right low front snapping kick, 오른 낮은 앞 차부수기 (oreun najeun ap chabusugi)
13 Step down towards G with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) mid punch, 가운데 지르기 (gaunde jireugi)
14 right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) mid reverse punch, 가운데 반대 지르기 (gaunde bandae jireugi)
15 Move the right foot to the left foot, then step towards A with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) high hooking block, 높은 걸쳐 막기 (nopeun geolchyeo makgi)
16 right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) high reverse hooking block, 높은 반대 걸쳐 막기 (nopeun bandae geolchyeo makgi)
17 right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) mid punch, 가운데 지르기 (gaunde jireugi)
18 Step forwards towards A with the left foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) high hooking block, 높은 걸쳐 막기 (nopeun geolchyeo makgi)
19 left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) high reverse hooking block, 높은 반대 걸쳐 막기 (nopeun bandae geolchyeo makgi)
20 left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) mid punch, 가운데 지르기 (gaunde jireugi)
21 Step towards A with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) mid punch, 가운데 지르기 (gaunde jireugi)
22 Raise the left leg to look towards A. right bending stance, 오른 구부려 서기 (oreun guburyeo seogi) mid forearm guarding block, 가운데 팔목 대비 막기 (gaunde palmok daebi makgi)
23 left mid side piercing kick, 왼 가운데 옆 차지르기 (oen gaunde yeop chajireugi)
24 Step down towards A with the left foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) reverse front elbow strike to the left palm, 반대 앞 팔굽 때리기 (bandae ap palgup ttaerigi)
25 Step with the left foot to the line of the right foot, then raise the right leg to look towards E. left bending stance, 왼 구부려 서기 (oen guburyeo seogi) mid forearm guarding block, 가운데 팔목 대비 막기 (gaunde palmok daebi makgi)
26 right mid side piercing kick, 오른 가운데 옆 차지르기 (oreun gaunde yeop chajireugi)
27 Step down towards E with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) reverse front elbow strike to the right palm, 반대 앞 팔굽 때리기 (bandae ap palgup ttaerigi)
28 Move the left foot to the right foot, then step towards B with the left foot. right ‘l’ stance, 오른 니은자 서기 (oreun nieunja seogi) twin blade-hand block, 쌍 손칼 막기 (ssang sonkal makgi)
29 Step forwards towards B with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) mid straight spearhand thrust, 가운데 선손끝 뚤기 (gaunde seonsonkkeut ttulgi)
30 Turn to the right and step towards H with the right foot. left ‘l’ stance, 왼 니은자 서기 (oen nieunja seogi) twin blade-hand block, 쌍 손칼 막기 (ssang sonkal makgi)
31 Step forwards towards H with the left foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) mid straight spearhand thrust, 가운데 선손끝 뚤기 (gaunde seonsonkkeut ttulgi)
32 Move the left foot to the right foot, turn to the left and step forwards towards E with the left foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) high outer-forearm block, 높은 바깥팔목 막기 (nopeun bakkatpalmok makgi)
33 left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) mid reverse punch, 가운데 반대 지르기 (gaunde bandae jireugi)
34 Step forwards towards E with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) high outer-forearm block, 높은 바깥팔목 막기 (nopeun bakkatpalmok makgi)
35 right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) mid reverse punch, 가운데 반대 지르기 (gaunde bandae jireugi)
36 Jump, leading with the left foot, towards E. left ‘x’ stance, 왼 교차 서기 (oen gyocha seogi) high side back-fist strike, 높은 옆 등주먹 때리기 (nopeun yeop deungjumeok ttaerigi)
37 Turn to the right to step towards D with the right foot. right walking stance, 오른 걷는 서기 (oreun geonneun seogi) high double forearm block, 높은 두 팔목 막기 (nopeun du palmok makgi)
38 Move the right foot to the left foot, turn to the left to step towards F with the left foot. left walking stance, 왼 걷는 서기 (oen geonneun seogi) high double forearm block, 높은 두 팔목 막기 (nopeun du palmok makgi)
Bring the left foot to the right foot. parallel ready stance, 나란히 주비 서기 (naranhi junbi seogi)

Korean in Context

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Time Limit
elbow
팔굽 (palgup)
sitting stance
앉는 서기 (anneun seogi)
bending stance
구부려 서기 (guburyeo seogi)
‘x’ stance
교차 서기 (gyocha seogi)
high inner-forearm block
높은 안팔목 막기 (nopeun anpalmok makgi)
twin blade-hand block
쌍 손칼 막기 (ssang sonkal makgi)
high double forearm block
높은 두 팔목 막기 (nopeun du palmok makgi)
hooking block
걸쳐 막기 (geolchyeo makgi)
low front snapping kick
낮은 앞 차부수기 (najeun ap chabusugi)
high side back-fist strike
높은 옆 등주먹 때리기 (nopeun yeop deungjumeok ttaerigi)
reverse front elbow strike
반대 앞 팔굽 때리기 (bandae ap palgup ttaerigi)
mid straight spearhand thrust
가운데 선손끝 뚤기 (gaunde seonsonkkeut ttulgi)

References

  1. Taekwondo Association of Great Britain (TAGB), Official Website
    http://www.blackbeltschools.com/syllabus/patterns.asp?pattern=964

Korean Date

The date today is,

4350 년 8 월 4 일 (4350, Month 8 Day 4) (24 September 2017 CE)

This is the date according to the traditional lunisolar calendar of Korea. (Note that this is not an authoritative calculation; I’m still working on the details.) The years count back to the legendary founding of Korea by 단군 왕검 (Dan-gun Wanggeom).