Passai, Pīsāi, Pisaek

披塞 · 披塞 · 피색

Sometimes written Pi-saek, Bat-sai.

← Heian Enpi →

Passai is one of the forms mentioned in the textbook Taekwondo (1) written by 최홍희 (Choi Hong-hi). More formally part of Karate, the form was omitted from later editions of the textbook, and is consequently no longer learnt by students of Taekwondo.

Floor Diagram

演武線 (embusen), 演武線 (yǎnwǔxiàn), 연무선 (yeonmuseon)

A B C D

Number of Movements

42

Movements

Number Transition Stance Technique
closed ready stance (b), 모아 준비 서기 (moa junbi seogi)
1 Jump forwards towards A. right ‘x’ stance, 오른 교차 서기 (oreun gyocha seogi) right high assisted back-fist side strike, 오른 높은 등주먹 옆 때리기 (oreun nopeun deungjumeok yeop ttaerigi)
2 Turn to the left and step towards C with the left foot. left forward stance, 왼 전굴 서기 (oen jeon-gul seogi) left mid inner-forearm side block, 왼 가운데 안팔목 옆 막기 (oen gaunde anpalmok yeop makgi)
3 left forward stance, 왼 전굴 서기 (oen jeon-gul seogi) right inner-forearm circular block, 오른 안팔목 돌리며 막기 (oreun anpalmok dollimyeo makgi)
4 Turn to the right and step towards A with the right foot. right forward stance, 오른 전굴 서기 (oreun jeon-gul seogi) left high outer-forearm block, 왼 높은 바깥팔목 막기 (oen nopeun bakkatpalmok makgi)
5 right forward stance, 오른 전굴 서기 (oreun jeon-gul seogi) right mid outer-forearm side block, 오른 가운데 바깥팔목 옆 막기 (oreun gaunde bakkatpalmok yeop makgi)
6:1 Turn to the right, to look towards B, moving the right foot to the left foot. closed stance 1, 모아 서기 (moa seogi) right inner-forearm scooping block, 오른 안팔목 들어 막기 (oreun anpalmok deureo makgi)
6:2 Step forwards towards B with the right foot. right forward stance, 오른 전굴 서기 (oreun jeon-gul seogi) right mid outer-forearm side block, 오른 가운데 바깥팔목 옆 막기 (oreun gaunde bakkatpalmok yeop makgi)
7 right forward stance, 오른 전굴 서기 (oreun jeon-gul seogi) left mid outer-forearm side block, 왼 가운데 바깥팔목 옆 막기 (oen gaunde bakkatpalmok yeop makgi)
8 Turn to the left, to look towards D, whilst moving the left foot towards the right foot. 2 Move both fists to the right side.
9 left mid blade-hand hooking block, 왼 가운데 손칼 걸쳐 막기 (oen gaunde sonkal geolchyeo makgi)
10 right mid punch, 오른 가운데 지르기 (oreun gaunde jireugi)
11 Turn to the left and move the left foot slightly towards D. left forward stance, 왼 전굴 서기 (oen jeon-gul seogi) right inner-forearm circular block, 오른 안팔목 돌리며 막기 (oreun anpalmok dollimyeo makgi)
12 Look towards D, and move the left foot towards the right foot. left mid punch, 왼 가운데 지르기 (oen gaunde jireugi)
13 Turn to the right and move the right foot slightly towards B. right forward stance, 오른 전굴 서기 (oreun jeon-gul seogi) left inner-forearm circular block, 왼 안팔목 돌리며 막기 (oen anpalmok dollimyeo makgi)
14 Step forwards towards A with the right foot. left back stance, 왼 후굴 서기 (oen hugul seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
15 Step forwards towards A with the left foot. right back stance, 오른 후굴 서기 (oreun hugul seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
16 Step forwards towards A with the right foot. left back stance, 왼 후굴 서기 (oen hugul seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
17 Step backwards towards C with the right foot. right back stance, 오른 후굴 서기 (oreun hugul seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
18 Move the right foot backwards slightly. left forward stance, 왼 전굴 서기 (oen jeon-gul seogi) high double arc-hand block, 높은 두반달손 막기 (nopeun dubandalson makgi)
19 Step forwards towards A with the right foot, with a stamping motion. left back stance, 왼 후굴 서기 (oen hugul seogi) Move both fists in front of the chest, palm-down, with the right fist over the left fist.
20 Turn to the left, and move the right foot in order to look towards C. right back stance, 오른 후굴 서기 (oreun hugul seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
21 Step forwards towards C with the right foot. left back stance, 왼 후굴 서기 (oen hugul seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
22 Move the right foot to the left foot. closed stance, 모아 서기 (moa seogi) Move both fists, in a circular motion, in front of the forehead.
23 Step towards C with the right foot, with a stamping motion. right forward stance, 오른 전굴 서기 (oreun jeon-gul seogi) twin upset punch, 쌍 뒤집어 지르기 (ssang dwijibeo jireugi)
24 Slide towards C. right forward stance, 오른 전굴 서기 (oreun jeon-gul seogi) right mid punch, 오른 가운데 지르기 (oreun gaunde jireugi)
25 Turn to the left and step towards C with the left foot. right back stance, 오른 후굴 서기 (oreun hugul seogi) right low spear-hand thrust, 오른 낮은 손끝 뚤기 (oreun najeun sonkkeut ttulgi)
26 Step towards A with the right foot. riding stance, 기마 서기 (gima seogi) right low forearm block, 오른 낮은 팔목 막기 (oreun najeun palmok makgi)
27 riding stance, 기마 서기 (gima seogi) left mid back-hand strike, 왼 가운데 손등 때리기 (oen gaunde sondeung ttaerigi)
28:1 right crescent kick to the left palm, 오른 반달 차기 (oreun bandal chagi)
28:2 Step down towards C with the right foot, looking towards B. riding stance, 기마 서기 (gima seogi) right elbow strike to the left palm, 오른 팔굽 때리기 (oreun palgup ttaerigi)
29 riding stance, 기마 서기 (gima seogi) right nine-shape block, 오른 굳자 막기 (oreun gutja makgi)
30 riding stance, 기마 서기 (gima seogi) left nine-shape block, 왼 굳자 막기 (oen gutja makgi)
31 riding stance, 기마 서기 (gima seogi) right nine-shape block, 오른 굳자 막기 (oreun gutja makgi)
32 Turn to the right and step towards C with the right foot. right forward stance, 오른 전굴 서기 (oreun jeon-gul seogi) Move both fists to the left side.
33 right forward stance, 오른 전굴 서기 (oreun jeon-gul seogi) 'u' punch, 디귿자 막기 (digeutja makgi)
34 Move the right foot to the left foot. closed stance, 모아 서기 (moa seogi) Move both fists to the right side.
35 Step towards C with the left foot. left forward stance, 왼 전굴 서기 (oen jeon-gul seogi) 'u' punch, 디귿자 막기 (digeutja makgi)
36 Move the left foot to the right foot. closed stance, 모아 서기 (moa seogi) Move both fists to the left side.
37 Step towards C with the right foot. right forward stance, 오른 전굴 서기 (oreun jeon-gul seogi) 'u' punch, 디귿자 막기 (digeutja makgi)
38 Turn to the left and step towards D with the left foot. left forward stance, 왼 전굴 서기 (oen jeon-gul seogi) right inner-forearm circular block, 오른 안팔목 돌리며 막기 (oreun anpalmok dollimyeo makgi)
39 Turn to the right. right forward stance, 오른 전굴 서기 (oreun jeon-gul seogi) left inner-forearm circular block, 왼 안팔목 돌리며 막기 (oen anpalmok dollimyeo makgi)
40 Move the left foot halfway towards the right foot, then step towards A with the right foot. left back stance, 왼 후굴 서기 (oen hugul seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
41 Turn to the left and step towards BD with the right foot. left back stance, 왼 후굴 서기 (oen hugul seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
42 Move the right foot halfway towards the left foot, and then step back with the left foot. left back stance, 왼 후굴 서기 (oen hugul seogi) mid blade-hand guarding block, 가운데 손칼 대비 막기 (gaunde sonkal daebi makgi)
Move the left foot to the right foot. closed ready stance (b), 모아 준비 서기 (moa junbi seogi)

Notes

References

  1. Taekwondo, Choi Hong-hi (Second Edition, 1965) (Daeha Publication Company, Seoul)

Korean Date

The date today is,

4350 년 8 월 4 일 (4350, Month 8 Day 4) (24 September 2017 CE)

This is the date according to the traditional lunisolar calendar of Korea. (Note that this is not an authoritative calculation; I’m still working on the details.) The years count back to the legendary founding of Korea by 단군 왕검 (Dan-gun Wanggeom).