Koryeo

고려, 高麗

Sometimes written as Koryo.

Interpretation

This form symbolises 선배 (seonbae) which translates from Korean as senior student, knowledgeable person, or virtuous person, which is characterised by a strong martial arts spirit. 고려 (goryeo) is also the name of the Korean dynasty from which the modern name, Korea, is derived.

Floor Diagram

A B C D E F

Number of Movements

30

Movements

(The specific movements of this form have been obtained from a number of books and websites, though notably reference two.)

Number Transition Stance Technique
parallel stance, 나란히 서기 (naranhi seogi)
parallel stance, 나란히 서기 (naranhi seogi) pushing hands, 통밀기 (tongmilgi)
1 Turn to the left and step towards E with the left foot. right back stance, 오른 뒷굽이 (oreun dwitgubi) blade-hand block to the body, 손날 몸통 막기 (sonnal momtong makgi)
2:1 right low side kick, 오른 아래 옆 차기 (oreun arae yeop chagi)
2:2 right side kick to the body, 오른 몸통 옆 차기 (oreun momtong yeop chagi)
2:3 Step towards E with the right foot to land. right long stance, 오른 앞굽이 (oreun apgubi) right blade-hand strike, 오른 손날 치기 (oreun sonnal chigi)
3 right long stance, 오른 앞굽이 (oreun apgubi) obverse punch to the body, 바로 몸통 지르기 (baro momtong jireugi)
4 Move the right foot backwards slightly. left back stance, 왼 뒷굽이 (oen dwitgubi) right outer-forearm inward block to the body, 오른 바깥팔목 몸통 안 막기 (oreun bakkatpalmok momtong an makgi)
5 Turn to the right and step towards C with the right foot. left back stance, 왼 뒷굽이 (oen dwitgubi) blade-hand block to the body, 손날 몸통 막기 (sonnal momtong makgi)
6:1 left low side kick, 왼 아래 옆 차기 (oen arae yeop chagi)
6:2 left side kick to the body, 왼 몸통 옆 차기 (oen momtong yeop chagi)
6:3 left long stance, 왼 앞굽이 (oen apgubi) left blade-hand strike, 왼 손날 치기 (oen sonnal chigi)
7 left long stance, 왼 앞굽이 (oen apgubi) obverse punch to the body, 바로 몸통 지르기 (baro momtong jireugi)
8 Move the left foot backwards slightly. right back stance, 오른 뒷굽이 (oreun dwitgubi) left outer-forearm inward block to the body, 왼 바깥팔목 몸통 안 막기 (oen bakkatpalmok momtong an makgi)
9:1 Turn to the left and step towards A with the left foot. left long stance, 왼 앞굽이 (oen apgubi) left low bladehand block, 왼 손날 아래 막기 (oen sonnal arae makgi)
9:2 left long stance, 왼 앞굽이 (oen apgubi) right archand strike, 오른 아금 치기 (oreun ageum chigi)
10:1 right front kick, 오른 앞 차기 (oreun ap chagi)
10:2 Step towards A with the right foot to land. right long stance, 오른 앞굽이 (oreun apgubi) right low bladehand block, 오른 손날 아래 막기 (oreun sonnal arae makgi)
10:3 right long stance, 오른 앞굽이 (oreun apgubi) left archand strike, 왼 아금 치기 (oen ageum chigi)
11:1 left front kick, 왼 앞 차기 (oen ap chagi)
11:2 Step towards A with the left foot to land. left long stance, 왼 앞굽이 (oen apgubi) left low bladehand block, 왼 손날 아래 막기 (oen sonnal arae makgi)
11:3 left long stance, 왼 앞굽이 (oen apgubi) right archand strike, 오른 아금 치기 (oreun ageum chigi)
12:1 right front kick, 오른 앞 차기 (oreun ap chagi)
12:2 Step towards A with the right foot to land. right long stance, 오른 앞굽이 (oreun apgubi) move the right palm from low section upwards and move the left palm from high section downwards (a knee breaking move) 오른 손바닥을 아래에서 위로 배까지 끌어올리며 왼 손바닥으로 위에서 아래로 내려누른다 (oreun sonbadageul arae-eseo wiro baekkaji kkeureo-ollimyeo oen sonbadageuro wi-eseo araero naeryeonureunda)
13 Step towards A with the left foot and turn to the right to look towards D. right long stance, 오른 앞굽이 (oreun apgubi) inner forearm wedging block to the body, 안팔목 몸통 헤쳐 막기 (anpalmok momtong hechyeo makgi)
14:1 left front kick, 왼 앞 차기 (oen ap chagi)
14:2 Step towards D with the left foot to land. left long stance, 왼 앞굽이 (oen apgubi) move the left palm from low section upwards and move the right palm from high section downwards (a knee breaking move) 왼 손바닥 아래에서 위로 끌어올리며 오른 손바닥 위에서 아래로 내려누른다 (oen sonbadak arae-eseo wiro kkeureo-ollimyeo oen sonbadak wi-eseo araero naeryeonureunda)
15 Move the left foot back slightly left forward stance, 왼 앞 서기 (oen ap seogi) inner forearm wedging block to the body, 안팔목 몸통 헤쳐 막기 (anpalmok momtong hechyeo makgi)
16 Turn to the right and step towards B with the right foot. sitting stance, 주춤 서기 (juchum seogi) left bladehand outward block to the body, 왼 한손날 몸통 바깥 막기 (oen hansonnal momtong bakkat makgi)
17 sitting stance, 주춤 서기 (juchum seogi) right fist target strike, 오른주먹 표적 치기 (oreunjumeok pyojeok chigi)
18:1 Move the right foot across the left foot. cross stance, 꼬아 서기 (kkoa seogi)
18:2 left side kick, 왼 옆차기 (oen yeop chagi)
18:3 Step towards F with the left foot to land. right long stance, 오른 앞굽이 (oreun apgubi) left spearhand upper thrust, 왼 편손끝제쳐 찌르기 (oen pyeonsonkkeut jechyeo jjireugi)
19 Move the right foot backwards. right walking stance, 오른 앞 서기 (oreun ap seogi) right forearm low block, 오른 팔목 아래 막기 (oreun palmok arae makgi)
20:1 Step forwards towards B with the left foot. palm pressing block, 바탕손 눌러 막기 (batangson nulleo makgi)
20:2 Step forwards towards B with the right foot. sitting stance, 주춤 서기 (juchum seogi) right elbow side strike, 오른 팔굽 옆 치기 (oreun palgup yeop chigi)
21 sitting stance, 주춤 서기 (juchum seogi) right single blade-hand outer block to the body, 오른 한손날 몸통 바깥 막기 (oreun hansonnal momtong bakkat makgi)
22 sitting stance, 주춤 서기 (juchum seogi) left fist target strike, 왼주먹 표적 치기 (oenjumeok pyojeok chigi)
23:1 Move the left foot across the right foot. cross stance, 꼬아 서기 (kkoa seogi)
23:2 right side kick, 오른 옆 차기 (oreun yeop chagi)
23:3 Turn to the left and step towards B with the right foot to land, to look towards F. left long stance, 왼 앞굽이 (oen apgubi) right spearhand upper thrust, 오른 편손끝제쳐 찌르기 (oreun pyeonsonkkeut jechyeo jjireugi)
24 Move the left foot backwards. left forward stance, 왼 앞 서기 (oen ap seogi) left forearm low block, 왼 팔목 아래 막기 (oen palmok arae makgi)
25:1 Step forwards towards F with the right foot. palm pressing block, 바탕손 눌러 막기 (batangson nulleo makgi)
25:2 Step forwards towards F with the left foot. sitting stance, 주춤 서기 (juchum seogi) left elbow side strike, 왼 팔굽 옆 치기 (oen palgup yeop chigi)
26 Move the right foot to the left foot. closed stance, 모아 서기 (moa seogi) move both hands in a circular motion over the head and then down to waist level, forming a fist with the left and striking the open right hand
27 Turn to the left and step towards D with the left foot. left long stance, 왼 앞굽이 (oen apgubi) left flat blade-hand outer strike then left single blade-hand low block, 왼 엎은 손날 바깥 치기 그리고 왼 한손날 아래 막기 (oen eopeun sonnal bakkat chigi geurigo oen hansonnal arae makgi)
28 Step forwards towards D with the right foot. right long stance, 오른 앞굽이 (oreun apgubi) right flat blade-hand strike then right single blade-hand low block, 오른 엎은 손날 치기 그리고 오른 한손날 아래 막기 (oreun eopeun sonnal chigi geurigo oreun hansonnal arae makgi)
29 Step forwards towards D with the left foot. left long stance, 왼 앞굽이 (oen apgubi) left flat blade-hand strike then left single blade-hand low block, 왼 엎은 손날 치기 그리고 왼 한손날 아래 막기 (oen eopeun sonnal chigi geurigo oen hansonnal arae makgi)
30 Step forwards towards D with the right foot. right long stance, 오른 앞굽이 (oreun apgubi) right archand strike, 오른 아금 치기 (oreun ageum chigi)

Korean in Context

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Time Limit
pushing hands
통밀기 (tongmilgi)

archand strike
아금 치기 (ageum chigi)

spearhand upper thrust
편손끝제쳐 찌르기 (pyeonsonkkeut jechyeo jjireugi)

palm pressing block
바탕손 눌러 막기 (batangson nulleo makgi)

References

  1. World Taekwondo Federation, http://www.wtf.org
  2. Taekwondo Textbook (Volume III): Degree Level Forms, by Kim Jeong-rok (First Edition, November 1986, Seorim Publishing) (Bilingual Book)
    태권도 교범 유단자 품새 · 김정록저 · 서림문화사 (Taekwondo Gyobeom: Yudanja Pumsae, Gim Jeong-rok jeo (Seorim Munhwasa))

Korean Date

The date today is,

4349 년 12 월 25 일 (4349, Month 12 Day 25) (20 February 2017 CE)

This is the date according to the traditional lunisolar calendar of Korea. (Note that this is not an authoritative calculation; I’m still working on the details.) The years count back to the legendary founding of Korea by 단군 왕검 (Dan-gun Wanggeom).